Cherokee Cole & Lisa- Founder of Bonito Cheval
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Authorized Dac® Dealer 
Overall Supplement
Joint / Ligament
Since 1983 The Direct Action Company, Inc. (a.k.a. dac® Vitamins and Minerals) has offered superior, effective equine and livestock supplements. Dac® is a founding member of the National Animal Supplement Council (NASC) and was one of the first companies to earn the coveted NASC Quality Seal.
Founded in 2001, NASC is an industry group dedicated to protecting and enhancing the health of companion animals and horses by adopting and enforcing strict quality control standards for the animal health supplement industry. As part of its ongoing effort to improve and standardize the animal supplement industry, NASC initiated its Quality Seal Program. The Seal is a way for consumers to know that when they buy a product, they buy from a reputable manufacturer that has successfully completed a facility audit. Different from the NASC logo, the Seal is a privilege for members to use on their products and signifies that the company has been audited for the implementation of specific standards. For more information, please visit:
“All of the dac® horse supplements have been formulated and reviewed by the equine nutritionists at Performance Horse Nutrition 

Detailed feeding instructions on each product and personalized customer service make dac® equine supplements some of the finest on the market.” Said Dr. Stephen Duren.

Behind every aspiring champion, there is always the unsung hero.
The one who gets it done in the home, in training, in the barn...or in the feed. For more than 30 years, Alltech has been the unsung hero behind many of the world's top horse feeds and supplements. As the unrecognized experts in equine digestive health, we salute unsung heroes everywhere.

Alltech - Proud Supporters Of Unsung Heroes -

Mission Statement
To provide the finest livestock nutritional products at the most economical price we possibly can in order to enhance the performance of our customer’s livestock.
The Direct Action Company, Inc. began in 1983 with a single product called Direct Action. It was based on a “new” feed technology called chelation, where a mineral is wrapped with an enzyme to naturally enhance the utilization of the mineral. Today, biotechnology in the feed business has gone from an obscure area of research and technology to give our customers products that will enhance the performance of their horses whether they are working in the fields or showing in the ring.
Currently, the Direct Action Company, (a.k.a. dac® Vitamins and Minerals) offers approximately 40 products. By working with biotech firms and research specialists, we are able to offer products that are geared to meet the unique needs of the animal and its owner.

Introduction of Bonito Cheval, Inc
Bonito Cheval, Inc has been a cornerstone in the massage industry services since 2001.
 Working with each human and horse to become a unit working together 
to achieve partnerships, accomplish goals and most importantly 
an understanding between one another for complte balance. 

Understanding your frustrations and concerns when your athlete is just out of sorts, 
we will assist in helping you understand where you'll be able to assist 
in the symptoms of pain, anxiety, and how to effectively get your horse into optimal health. 
You are the reason we exist, it is our position to be your partner
in providing best care for your horses; we look forward in being of service for you.

Introduction of Bonito Cheval
Bonito Cheval, Inc has been a cornerstone in the massage industry services since 2001.

 Working with each human and horse to become a unit working together to achieve partnerships, accomplish goals and most importantly an understanding between one another 
for complte balance.

Understanding your frustrations and concerns when your athlete is just out of sorts, we will assist in helping you understand where you'll be able to assist in the symptoms of pain, anxiety, 
and how to effectively get your horse into optimal health.
You are the reason we exist, it is our position to be your partner 
in providing best care for your horses; we look forward in 
being of service for you.

Just a bit of a background...

My name is Lisa Wendler. 

I am an empathetic horsewoman, a Mom, a wife and through it all human. Here is my story of how Bonito Cheval, Inc. has become to where we are today. Business all started with a few referrals of horses that there was "something" wrong, which has now grown to full operations in optimizing dynamic health specializing in horses. 
In a pivotal career change, pursuing ER trauma nursing, landed me on the path in providing therapy to horses. Since 2001, I've been providing therapy on an individual basis for every horse promoting overall wellness in a non-invasive avenue of Eastern Medicine in being proactive in health in creating a space for balance. 

This road of learning has gripped me at the center of my core in providing passionate care as I continue down this ever changing pathway.
In the past 17 years, horses have taught me to become an effective human in listening to understand the communication and strive to be more of the human in which our horses would want to be with by choice. Every horse has their own persona, their language and personally believe it is up to us as humans to understand their communication lines instead of us expecting them to understand ours.

In 2010, we added the Niagara Equissage Therapy system to assist in the mechanical chronic conditions or acute conditions to relieve a list of symptoms as part of our services. The Niagara Equissage Pulse System is safe, effective, lightweight and cost-effective in being part of your daily therapy. Physically releasing muscle spams, tendon/ligament concerns, opens up the door to holistically balancing the eastern hemisphere of harmony.

Together, we will achieve radical results by working together- you will be amazed at how holistic equine therapy could benefit your horses.

All the Best in Health,
Lisa and the team at Bonito Cheval, Inc
History of the Niagara Equissage
Equissage therapy products have been sold within the UK for almost 50 years and in 2001 Equissage became a separate division of the Niagara Healthcare Group. The result is that we have a dedicated team of sales advisors, customer service representatives, manufacturing and service engineers, of which most are riders and equine enthusiasts. Combined with our brand ambassadors and team of experts including product development and innovation teams make team Equissage what it is today. Every member of this team is selected for their skill and knowledge of the equine market and is fully trained in the use of Equissage to help our customers give the very best service to their horse.

There are distributors throughout Europe, the Middle East, the USA, and Australia, to serve overseas demands and inquiries. The product has developed steadily over the last 14 years to what it is today, Equissage Pulse. The new technological and innovative Improvements ensure that the same, original cycloidal vibration therapy (CVT) is combined with scientific advancements and product modernization.

Over the years we have invested in research that you will find further details on throughout this website. This research has shown that Equissage is still the Ultimate in Equine Therapy delivering not only enhanced performance but successful rehabilitation for an array of injuries but also perfect for daily maintenance in warming up and cooling down pre and post workout. Equissage is part of the Niagara Healthcare group which has helped hundreds of thousands of people enjoy a better quality of life. The CVT used in Equissage products are present in a number of portable equipment including handheld units and back pads along with being built into lifestyle products such as Adjustable Beds and Riser Recliner chairs. The therapy is also widely used within the medical profession including all NHS spinal injury units throughout the UK as well as being used in specialist schools, healthcare, and rehabilitation centers.
courtesy of: 

Niagara Therapy is an international group of independent companies manufacturing, distributing and promoting various forms of Cycloid Vibration Therapy (CVT) devices. Niagara Therapy products are based upon CVT technology, incorporating elements of heat and massage therapy. Niagara’s range of medical device products includes medical therapy adjustable beds, therapy reclining chairs and portable therapeutic health devices.

Niagara Therapy was founded in North America in 1949 when the patent to the technology was purchased. Niagara, and more specifically cycloidal vibration therapy, was then introduced to Australia in 1969.

Niagara Therapy products are based upon Cycloidal Vibration Therapy – a treatment therapy that uses 3-dimensional vibration and massage to assist users with varying conditions.

Niagara Therapy medical devices are listed on the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods. In order to maintain the ARTG listings the TGA completes regular surveillance audits at Niagara Therapy.  

1920s: Conceptual Beginnings
Cycloidal Vibration Therapy originated in the Canadian coalfields in the 1920s. Used to separate lumps of coal, a mine supervisor found that when he leant against the separator machine, it relieved the symptoms of his sore joints and aching back.

1931: Invention
After the mine supervisor’s coalfield discovery, the Wettlaufer Brothers, who were inventors, mimicked the action and bought the patent in 1931. Today the action of the coal separator forms the basis of CVT technology.

1946: Owen K. Murphy and the CVT Patent
In 1946, the father of Niagara therapy, Owen K. Murphy, was introduced to the Wettlaufer Brothers and their invention at an auction. Having served in the war, Owen K. Murphy knew how a lack of circulation could save damaged limbs and, because the auctioneer said that he believed the device could improve blood flow. Murphy decided to bid for the device and try it.

1949: Niagara Established
In 1949, after seeing and purportedly experiencing the benefits of CVT first-hand, Owen K. Murphy bought the patent off the Wettlaufer Brothers. This purchase was the beginnings of what would later become Niagara Therapy. The patent for the therapy device was purchased for $150,000, which was a significant amount in the forties.

1950s: Expansion
By the 1950s other medical professionals were beginning to support the use of CVT technologies. Dr. William Bierman, who was named Outstanding Physician of the Year in 1955, was impressed with the initial results. Founder of the Institute of Physical Medicine, Dr. Bierman studied the effects of injecting a radioactive sodium salt solution into a patient’s leg pre- and post-treatment with cycloid vibration therapy. Based on Dr. Bierman’s research findings, this led to claims relating to blood circulation at that time.
It was during the 1950s that portable Niagara products were designed and manufactured, allowing individuals the ability to use CVT treatment at home.

1952: Founding of The Niagara Research Institute
Owen K. Murphy, founding father of Niagara, established the Niagara Research Institute in 1952. The Institute’s main goal was to research the benefits of using CVT. At the helm of the research institute was Dr. John R Mote (Order of the British Empire) – a distinguished medical professional. Dr. Mote was former Chief Medical Advisor (United Kingdom) to the Allied Forces in World War II, had discovered cortisone and the birth control pill, and was a specialist in oriental diseases.

Two other prominent authorities were also part of the birth of The Niagara Research Institute, including Dr. William Edmondson and Dr. William Kolossvary. Dr. Edmondson was a mental health disease specialist who worked in calming patients to facilitate communication. It was his background in this field, and his work at the Institute, that resulted in findings that led to his belief that cycloid vibration therapy eased nervous tension. Dr. Kolossvary, on the other hand, was a physicist who researched the CVT action. This led to the discovery of the CVT action, a form of new energy, becoming known as “cyclotherapy”. It is the use of cycloid vibration that differentiates CVT from other vibrations.

1954: Niagara Therapy and the Fairyland Centre Concept
In 1954, Owen K. Murphy, the founder of Niagara Therapy, joined forces with Dr. Ed Connor, a pediatrician, to create the Fairyland Centre concept.
In the 1950s, award-winning actor Walter Matthau featured in a television program entitled, Doctor Ed. In this program, the beginning of the Fairyland Centre concept was described, with Matthau playing Dr. Ed Connor.
1961: Niagara in Ireland, the U.K, and South Africa
In 1961, an individual by the name of Peter Crealey, who later became a pivotal part of Niagara's international operation, joined the Canadian team. After experiencing success as a sales consultant, Peter was given rights to distribute Niagara products in his native Ireland in 1963 – the company’s first expansion outside of North America. Due to Peter’s success, and at Niagara’s request, Peter took over the entire operation in the United Kingdom. From here, Peter Crealey opened distributorships in Belgium, France, Italy, Greece, Sweden, South Africa and Australia.

1969 Niagara in Australia
In 1969, Niagara arrived in Australia. Niagara is located in the state of Queensland.

1972 – Present
In 1972, Peter Crealey became World Sales Manager at Niagara’s head office. Here he set about growing an international network for Niagara Therapy, a period in which the company has experienced a rapid expansion of its global operations.

Niagara Therapy Australasia is an independently owned company, with its headquarters in Queensland. The company sources components from both domestic and international suppliers. Niagara Australasia has an international network of distributors, selling throughout Australia, New Zealand and Asia.

Peter Crealey is the current Chairman of Niagara in Australasia.
Niagara Australasia headquarters were based in Meadowbrook, Queensland, from 2004 to April 2014 where it manufactured all of its medical devices for the Australasian market.

Niagara Therapy Australasia made the decision to build new premises and invested heavily to improve all areas of its manufacturing and head office. Completed in April 2014 in Parkinson, Queensland, the environmentally conscious design features over 380 solar panels to power the building.
courtesy of: wikipedia
What is the Niagara Equissage Pulse? 

The Niagara Equissage has improved from the previous Niagara Equissage red system offered in the United States and now expanded to the Niagara Equissage Pulse, offering 3 sessions of therapy of  CVT (cycloid vibration therapy), invigorating, and relaxing sessions. The Niagara Equissage Pulse system is the ultimate tool in providing equine therapy sessions.  

The Niagara Equissage Pulse will:  

  • Stimulate Blood Circulation - improving the heart
  • Assist with Lymphatic Drainage​- reducing stocking up 
  • Relax Muscles- increasing joint mobility

We are a passionate team of humans willing to assist you in this elite therapy and we look forward in bringing the Niagara Equissage Pulse to your barn soon.

What is the clinical results of the Niagara Equissage Pulse therapy system? 

Clinical trials at Writtle College in the UK prove Equissage can increase horse’s length of stride by up to 30%, assisting performance across all disciplines. 

The study included eight horses of varying ages who were monitored for their length of stride before and after a treatment with Equissage daily over two weeks. 

The results indicated that daily use of the Equissage Back Pad on the saddle position and Hand Units to each front leg in the Tendon Boots appeared to improve their stride lengths by an average of 13%, improve the trot speed by an average of 21% and increase the hock angles by an average of 9%.

Veterinary Surgeon Dietrich Graf von Schweinitz says: “Not only did the stride length appear to improve, but an increase in the speed of the stride (from an average of 2.6m/sec to 3.1m/sec) was also found in the study.” “The hock joint flexion and swing phase of the stride improvements provide an increased power translating in improved performance for all disciplines.” Therefore, because of the increased stride length, Racehorses, Polo ponies, Eventers and many other horse disciplines all perform with fewer strides and a faster time. Because of the increase in joint flexion and power, Dressage horses in particular can increase their performance and scores, as lack of impulsion and hind limb engagement is one of the most common reported faults in Dressage. Niagara Equissage Pulse is Safe, Easy to use, Non-aggressive and Non-invasive.  The best thing about Niagara Equissage Pulse is that you only need 20 minutes a day to operate this system, providing a complete horse session and NO special license or credential is required.  

YOU are able to provide daily therapy to your horse right at your farm with our support and guidance.  Now that is fantastic news for every owner and trainer alike!  The convenience of 24/7 care, that travels with you, Niagara Equissage Pulse is an essential system in improving the performance of horses in every discipline, in every farm and at every event. 

In providing manufacturing stability, Equissage therapy products began in 1949, helping humans in improving health wellness and for over the past 20 years in providing optimal health for horses.

Equine Disciplines that utilize the Niagara Equissage Pulse System
Trinity Racing Stables

The Racing Industry
Horse racing is an equestrian sport, involving two or more jockeys riding horses over a set distance for competition. It is one of the most ancient of all sports and its basic premise – to identify which of two or more horses is the fastest over a set course or distance – has remained unchanged since the earliest times.
Horse races vary widely in format. Often, countries have developed their own particular horse racing traditions. Variations include restricting races to particular breeds, running over obstacles, running over different distances, running on different track surfaces and running in different gaits.
While horses are sometimes raced purely for sport, a major part of horse racing's interest and economic importance lies in the gambling associated with it, an activity that in 2008 generated a world-wide market worth around US $115 billion.

Horse racing has a long and distinguished history and has been practised in civilisations across the world since ancient times. Archaeological records indicate that horse racing occurred in Ancient Greece, Babylon, Syria, and Egypt. It also plays an important part of myth and legend, such as the contest between the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. 

Chariot racing was one of the most popular ancient Greek, Roman and Byzantine sports. Both chariot and mounted horse racing were events in the ancient Greek Olympics by 648 BC and were important in the other Panhellenic Games. This was despite the fact that chariot racing was often dangerous to both driver and horse as they frequently suffered serious injury and even death. In the Roman Empire, chariot and mounted horse racing were major industries and from the mid-15th century until 1882, spring carnival in Rome closed with a horse race. Fifteen to 20 riderless horses, originally imported from the Barbary Coast of North Africa, ran the length of the Via del Corso, a long, straight city street, in about 2½ minutes. 

In later times, Thoroughbred racing was, and is, popular with the aristocrats and royalty of British society, earning it the title "Sport of Kings".

Historically, equestrians honed their skills through games and races. Equestrian sports provided entertainment for crowds and honed the excellent horsemanship that was needed in battle. Horse racing of all types evolved from impromptu competitions between riders or drivers. All forms of competition, requiring demanding and specialized skills from both horse and rider, resulted in the systematic development of specialized breeds and equipment for each sport. The popularity of equestrian sports through the centuries has resulted in the preservation of skills that would otherwise have disappeared after horses stopped being used in combat.

Types of horse racing

There are many different types of horse racing, including:
Flat racing, where horses gallop directly between two points around a straight or oval track.

Jump racing, or Jumps racing, also known as Steeplechasing or, in the UK and Ireland, National Hunt racing, where horses race over obstacles.

Harness racing, where horses trot or pace while pulling a driver in a sulky.

Endurance racing, where horses travel across country over extreme distances, generally ranging from 25 to 100 miles (40 to 161 km)
Different breeds of horses have developed that excel in each of the specific disciplines. Breeds that are used for flat racing include the Thoroughbred, Quarter Horse, Arabian, Paint, and Appaloosa. Jump racing breeds include the Thoroughbred and AQPS. Harness racing is dominated by Standardbred horses in Australia, New Zealand and North America, but several other breeds, such as the Russian Trotter and Finnhorse, are seen in Europe.
Flat racing

Flat racing is the most common form of racing, seen worldwide. Flat racing tracks are typically oval in shape and are generally level, although in Great Britain and Ireland there is much greater variation, including figure of eight tracks like Windsor, and tracks with often severe gradients and changes of camber, such as Epsom Racecourse. Track surfaces vary with turf most common worldwide, dirt more common in North America, and newly designed synthetic surfaces, such as Polytrack or Tapeta, seen at some tracks worldwide.
Individual flat races are run over distances ranging from 440 yards (400 m) up to two and a half miles, with distances between five and twelve furlongs being most common. Short races are generally referred to as "sprints", while longer races are known as "routes" in the US or "staying races" in Europe. Although fast acceleration ("a turn of foot") is usually required to win either type of race, in general sprints are seen as a test of speed, while long distance races are seen as a test of stamina. The most prestigious flat races in the world, such as the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, Japan Cup, Epsom Derby, Kentucky Derby and Dubai World Cup are run over distances in the middle of this range and are seen as tests of both speed and stamina to some extent.
In the most prestigious races, horses are generally allocated the same weight to carry for fairness, with allowances given to younger horses and female horses running against males. These races are called conditions races and offer the biggest purses. There is another category of races called handicap races where each horse is assigned a different weight to carry based on its ability. Beside the weight they carry, a horse's performance can also be influenced by its position relative to the inside barrier (post position), its gender, its jockey, and its trainer.

Jump racing

Jump (or jumps) racing in Great Britain and Ireland is known as National Hunt racing (although, confusingly, National Hunt racing also includes flat races taking place at jumps meetings; these are known as National Hunt flat races). Jump racing can be subdivided into steeplechasing and hurdling, according to the type and size of obstacles being jumped. The word "Steeplechasing" can also refer collectively to any type of jump race in certain racing jurisdictions, particularly in the United States.
Typically, horses progress to bigger obstacles and longer distances as they get older, so that a European jumps horse will tend to start in National Hunt flat races as a juvenile, move on to hurdling after a year or so, and then, if thought capable, move on to steeplechasing.

Endurance racing

The length of an endurance race varies greatly. Some are very short, only ten miles, while others can be up to one hundred miles. There are a few races that are even longer than one hundred miles and last multiple days. These different lengths of races are divided into five categories: pleasure rides (10–20 miles), non-competitive trail rides (21–27 miles), competitive trail rides (20–45 miles), progressive trail rides (25–60 miles), and endurance rides (40–100 miles in one day, up to 250 miles (400 km) in multiple days). Because each race is very long, trails of natural terrain are generally used.
Contemporary organized Endurance racing began in California around 1955, and the first race marked the beginning of the Tevis Cup. This race was a one-hundred-mile, one-day-long ride starting in Squaw Valley, Placer County, and ending in Auburn. Founded in 1972, the American Endurance Ride Conference was the United States' first national endurance riding association. The longest endurance race in the world is the Mongol Derby, which is 833.2 km (517.7 mi) long.


In most horse races, entry is restricted to certain breeds; that is, the horse must have a sire (father) and a dam (mother) who are purebred individuals of whatever breed is racing. For example, in a normal harness race, the horse's sire and dam must both be pure Standardbreds. The only exception to this is in Quarter Horse racing where an Appendixed Quarter Horse may be considered eligible to race against (standard) Quarter Horses. An appendixed Quarter Horse is a horse who has either one Quarter Horse parent and one parent of any other eligible breed (such as Thoroughbred, the most common Appendixed cross), or both parents are registered Appendixed Quarter Horses, or one parent is a Quarter Horse and one parent is an Appendixed Quarter Horse. The designation of "Appendixed" refers to the addendum section, or Appendix, of the Official Quarter Horse registry. AQHA also issues a "Racing Register of Merit" which allows a horse to race on Quarter Horse tracks, but not be considered a Quarter Horse for breeding purposes (unless other requirements are met).


There are three founding sires that almost all Thoroughbreds can trace back to: the Darley Arabian, the Godolphin, and the Byerly Turk, named after their respective owners, Thomas Darley, Lord Godolphin, and Captain Robert Byerly. All were taken to England where they were mated with mares. Thoroughbreds range in height, and are measured in hands (a hand being four inches). Some are as small as 15 hands while others are over 17 hands. Thoroughbreds can travel medium distances at fast paces, requiring a balance between speed and endurance.
Arabian horse

The Arabian horse was developed by the Bedouin people of the Middle East specifically for stamina over long distances, so they could outrun their enemies. It was not until 1725 that the Arabian was introduced into the United States. Arabians appeared in the United States in colonial times, though were not bred as purebreds until about the time of the Civil War. Until the formation of the Arabian Horse Registry of America in 1908, Arabians were recorded with the Jockey Club in a separate subsection from Thoroughbreds.
They must be able to withstand traveling long distances at a moderate pace. Arabians have an abundance of Type I fibers. Their muscles are able to work for extended periods of time. Also, the muscles of the Arabian are not nearly as massive as those of the Quarter Horse, which allow it to travel longer distances at quicker speeds. The Arabian is primarily used today in endurance racing, but is also raced over traditional race tracks in many countries.
Arabian Horse Racing is governed by IFAHR (The International Federation of Arabian Horse Racing Authorities).
Quarter Horse

The ancestors of the Quarter Horse were prevalent in America in the early 17th century. These horses were a blend of Colonial Spanish horses crossed English horses that were brought over in the 1700s. The native horse and the English horse were bred together, resulting in a compact muscular horse. At this time, they were mainly used for chores such as plowing and cattle work. The American Quarter Horse was not recognized as an official breed until the formation of the American Quarter Horse Association in 1940.
In order to be successful in racing, Quarter Horses need to be able to propel themselves forward at extremely fast sprinter speed. The Quarter Horse has much larger hind limb muscles than the Arabian, which make it much less suitable for endurance racing. They also have more Type II-b fibers, which allow the Quarter Horse to accelerate rapidly.

When Quarter Horse racing began, it was very expensive to lay a full mile of track so it was agreed that a straight track of four hundred meters, or one quarter of a mile would be laid instead. It became the standard racing distance for Quarter Horses and inspired their name. With the exception of the longer, 870-yard (800 m) distance contests, Quarter Horse races are run flat out, with the horses running at top speed for the duration. There is less jockeying for position, as turns are rare, and many races end with several contestants grouped together at the wire. The track surface is similar to that of Thoroughbred racing and usually consists of dirt.

Horse breeds and muscle structure

Muscles are just bundles of stringy fibers that are attached to bones by tendons. These bundles have different types of fibers within them and horses have adapted over the years to produce different amounts of these fibers. Type II-b fibers are fast twitch fibers. These fibers allow muscles to contract quickly resulting in a great deal of power and speed. Type I fibers are slow-twitch fibers. They allow muscles to work for longer periods of time resulting in greater endurance. Type II-a fibers are in the middle. They are a balance between the fast twitch fibers and the slow-twitch fibers. They allow the muscles to generate both speed and endurance. Type I muscles are absolutely necessary for aerobic exercise because they rely on the presence of oxygen in order to work. Type II muscles are needed for anaerobic exercise because they can function without the presence of oxygen. Thoroughbreds possess more Type II-a muscle fibers than the Quarter Horse or Arabian. This type of fiber allows them to propel themselves forward at great speeds and maintain it for an extended distance.


The conditioning program for the different horses varies depending on the race length. Genetics, training, age, and skeletal soundness are all factors that contribute to a horse's performance. The muscle structure and fiber type of horses depends on the breed, therefore genetics must be considered when constructing a conditioning plan. A horse's fitness plan must be coordinated properly in order to prevent injury or unnecessary lameness. If these were to occur, they may negatively affect a horse's willingness to learn. Sprinting exercises are appropriate for training two-year-old racehorses, but they are mentally incapable of handling too many of them.
A horse's skeletal system adapts to the exercise they are receiving. Because the skeletal system does not reach full maturity until the horse is at least four years of age, young racehorses often suffer multiple injuries.

Horse racing by continent - North America- United States 

Horse racing in the United States and on the North American continent dates back to 1665, which saw the establishment of the Newmarket course in Salisbury, New York, a section of what is now known as the Hempstead Plains of Long Island, New York. This first racing meet in North America was supervised by New York's colonial governor, Richard Nicolls. The area is now occupied by the present Nassau County, New York, region of GreaterWestbury and East Garden City. The South Westbury section is (appropriately) known as Salisbury.

Advanced Deposit Wagering is a form of gambling on the outcome of horse races in which the bettor must fund his or her account before being allowed to place bets. ADW is often conducted online or by phone. In contrast to ADW, credit shops allow wagers without advance funding; accounts are settled at month-end. Racetrack owners, horse trainers and state governments sometimes receive a cut of ADW revenues. 

In the United States, Thoroughbred flat races are run on surfaces of either dirt, synthetic or turf. Other tracks offer Quarter Horse racing and Standardbred horse racing, or combinations of these three types of racing surfaces. Racing of other breeds, such as Arabian horse racing, is found on a limited basis. American Thoroughbred races are run at a wide variety of distances, most commonly from 5 to 12 furlongs (0.63 to 1.50 mi; 1.0 to 2.4 km); with this in mind, breeders of Thoroughbred race horses attempt to breed horses that excel at a particular distance (see Dosage Index).  The Pleasanton Fairgrounds Racetrack at the Alameda County Fairgrounds is the oldest horse racing track in America, dating back to 1858, when it was founded by the sons of the Spaniard Don Agustin Bernal.  

In 1665, the first racetrack was constructed on Long Island. It is the oldest Thoroughbred race in North America. The American Stud Book was started in 1868, prompting the beginning of organized horse racing in the United States. There were 314 tracks operating in the United States by 1890; and in 1894, the American Jockey Club was formed. 

The first record of quarter mile length races dated back to 1674 in Henrico County, Virginia. Each race consisted of only two horses and they raced down the village streets and lanes. The Quarter Horse received its name due to the length of the race. The races were indeed "a quarter" of a mile, or 400 meters. The breed of horse was developed so they could get off to a quick start, and win the race.

Belmont Park is part of the western edge of the Hempstead Plains. Its mile-and-a-half main track is the largest dirt Thoroughbred race course in the world, and it has the sport's largest grandstand.

One of the latest major horse track opened in the United States was the Meadowlands Racetrack opened in 1977 for Thoroughbred racing. It is the home of the Meadowlands Cup. Other more recently opened tracks includeRemington Park, Oklahoma City, opened in 1988, and Lone Star Park in the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex, opened in 1997; the latter track hosted the prestigious Breeders' Cup series of races in 2004.

Thoroughbred horse racing in the United States has its own Hall of Fame in Saratoga Springs, New York. The Hall of Fame honors remarkable horses, jockeys, owners, and trainers.

The traditional high point of US horse racing is the Kentucky Derby, held on the first Saturday of May at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky. Together, the Derby; the Preakness Stakes, held two weeks later at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland; and the Belmont Stakes, held three weeks after the Preakness at Belmont Park on Long Island, form the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing for three-year-olds. They are all held early in the year, throughout May and the beginning of June. In recent years the Breeders' Cup races, run at the end of the year, have challenged the Triple Crown events as determiners of the three-year-old Champion. The Breeders' Cup is normally held at a different track every year; however the 2010 and 2011 editions were held at Churchill Downs, and the 2012 and 2013 races were held at Santa Anita Park, as was the 2014 edition. Keeneland, in Lexington, KY, hosted the 2015 breeders cup.

The corresponding Standardbred event is the Breeders' Crown. There are also a Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Pacers and a Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Trotters, as well as an Arabian Triple Crown consisting of Drinkers of the Wind Derby in California, the Texas Six Shooter Stakes, and the Bob Magness Derby in Delaware.

American betting on horse racing is sanctioned and regulated by the state where the race is located.[26] Simulcast betting exists across state lines with minimal oversight except the companies involved through legalized parimutuel gambling. A takeout, or "take", is removed from each betting pool and distributed according to state law, among the state, race track and horsemen. A variety of factors affect takeout, namely location and the type of wager that is placed.[27] One form of parimutuel gaming is Instant Racing, in which players bet on video replays of races.


The most famous horse from Canada is generally considered to be Northern Dancer, who after winning the Kentucky Derby, Preakness and Queen's Plate in 1964 went on to become the most successful Thoroughbred sire of the 20th century; his two-minute-flat Derby was the fastest on record until Secretariat in 1973. The only challenger to his title of greatest Canadian horse would be his son Nijinsky II, who is the last horse to win the English Triple Crown. Woodbine Racetrack (1956) in Toronto, home of the Queen's Plate(1860), Canada's premier Thoroughbred stakes race, and the North America Cup (1984), Canada's premier Standardbred stakes race, is the only race track in North America which stages Thoroughbred and Standardbred (harness) meetings on the same day. The Pattison Canadian International has the largest purse of any Canadian horse race. Other key races include Woodbine Oaks (1956), Prince of Wales Stakes (1929), Breeders' Stakes (1889) and Canadian Derby (1930).
Sourced: wikipedia
Utilizing the Niagara Equissage Pulse On A Regular Basis Has Shown Improvements For The Following: 
Equine Arthritis
Degenerative disc disease also referred to as equine arthritis is a condition that affects many horses. The condition is normally characterized as a slowly developing chronic disease of the joint in which the joint surface (cartilage) wears down, resulting in pain and subsequent lameness.

Symptoms and Types
* Stiffness that a horse can usually warm out of
* Joint swelling (can be one or more joints). Common joints to see arthritis are the fetlock, carpus (knee), and hock.
* Lameness
~ By utilizing the leg boot in conjunction with the hand unit, this is able to be placed directly at the knee; allowing the gentle cycloidal therapy to release toxin build up in the ligaments. By increasing the lymphatic circulation and improving joint mobility your horse will have an increased free range of motion. In being proactive in your horse health, this will decrease the potential injuries to the knee and hocks, along with decreasing any potential joint swelling.

Cold Back
The term "cold back" is a general term that is used to describe a horse that reacts to pressure in their back due to an injury, the muscles being cold prior to saddling or will even attempt to buck when being ridden due to the soreness. Some horses may flinch when being groomed and hollow out when being saddled or when a rider attempts to get into the saddle.

Options to address the concern:
Contact your Veterinarian to perform diagnostic testing and ensure your saddle is fitting correctly. Once these steps are taken, the next step would be daily use of the Niagara Equissage Pulse.
~ Using the Niagara Equissage Pulse on a 20 minute timer in the cycloidal or tapotement dial will warm up the fibers of the deep muscle along with the ligaments of the back enabling a horse to round and collect when being asked to move into different transitions. You'll notice a calmer horse when the performance is able to be achieved without having pain through-out the spine.

Inflamed Joints​
Acute synovitis is inflammation that appears suddenly in a joint, often the ankle, coffin or hock. These joints are enclosed in a capsule of soft tissue; the capsule lining (synovial membrane) produces a thick fluid that lubricates the joint. Stress on the joint can trigger inflammation in the lining and the capsule, causing fluid to turn watery and build up.

~ Using the Niagara Equissage Pulse on a 20 minute timer in the cycloidal or tapotement dial will help with flushing the harmful toxins out of the joints on a daily basis. Keeping the joints flexible will reduce recovery concerns as well helping with onset of arthritis in the future. ​

By definition laminitis is inflammation of sensitive layers of tissue (laminae) inside the hoof in horses and other animals. It is particularly prevalent in horses and ponies feeding on rich spring grass and can cause extreme lameness. While there is several causes ranging from dietary feeding, untreated infections all the way to stress- this is disease that requires effective treatment.

~ Using the Niagara Equissage Pulse on a daily maintenance level will increase blood flow through the hoof and eliminate toxins. It is suggested to use the tapotement mode on a 20 minute timer of daily use and then onto the cycloidal mode when you are provided the clearance of transitioning into the working by your veterinarian.

Ligament/ Tendon Strain
Tendons and ligaments in the horse are the "belts" and "cables" that hold bones in place and allow the muscles to do their jobs in creating propulsion-- forward, backward, sideways, and up and down. Because of the workload often put upon them, tendons and ligaments are frequent sites of injury and disease. Deep digital flexor tendons and the superficial flexor tendons play important roles in the horse's movement. As does the suspensory ligament, which originates at the upper end of the third metacarpal bone and the lower edges of the distal row of carpal bones. During exercise, a horse's tendons might stretch and retract from one to three inches. When the tendon is pushed beyond its "strain" capacity, injury is the result. The damage normally involves ruptur-ing of the tendon's collagen fibers when they are stretched beyond their capacity. This results in inflammation, soreness, and an inability of the limb to function normally.

~ Using the Niagara Equissage Pulse in warming up and cooling down in crucial in prevention of injuries. In pairing up with the leg boot on a 6/12 minute timer at each knee, this gentle cycloidal therapy will warm up the collagen fibers in preparation in stretching for exercising and working duties, increasing local blood circulation and lymphatic, while decreasing inflammation. The daily use of the hand unit/leg boot combination will also strengthen the fibers, enhancing range of motion. ​​​​​​​​​

Sacroiliac joint pain
​Work strengthens muscles, but overwork leads to strain and pain. The large muscles of the back and hindquarters make up a sporthorse's drive train, and they can be strained if they're asked to work too hard for too long. Most muscle strains are mild, and the amount of damage is small but this is a common injury site since the sacroiliac joint is the meeting place of the pelvis and the spine.

~ Using the Niagara Equissage Pulse in warming up and cooling down in crucial in prevention of injuries. In pairing up with the leg boot on a 6/12 minute timer at each knee, this gentle cycloidal therapy will warm up the collagen fibers in preparation in stretching for exercising and working duties, increasing local blood circulation and lymphatic, while decreasing inflammation. The daily use of the hand unit/leg boot combination will also strengthen the fibers, enhancing range of motion. ​​​​​​​​​​
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Massage therapy is a modality to be utilized in conjunction with Veterinarian and/or Chiropractic care.
Therapy is never a substitute for seeking medical diagnostic care through your medical professional for further testing or imaging. 
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